COPROPHILOUS FUNGAL COMMUNITY OF WILD RABBIT IN A PARK OF A HOSPITAL (CHILE): A TAXONOMIC APPROACH

Eduardo Piontelli L., Rodrigo Cruz C, M. Alicia Toro .S.M.

Resumen


During year 2005-through 2006 a study on coprophilous fungal communities present in wild rabbit dung was carried out in the park of a regional hospital (V Region, Chile), 21 samples in seven months under two seasonable periods (cold and warm) being collected. Sixty species and 44 genera as a total were recorded in the sampling period, 46 species in warm periods and 39 in the cold ones. Major groups were arranged as follows: Zygomycota (11,6 %), Ascomycota (50 %), associated
mitosporic genera (36,8 %) and Basidiomycota (1,6 %). Ascomycetes genera having the highest occurrence were: Chaetomium (5), Saccobolus and Sordaria (3) Podospora, Schizothecium and Sporormiella (2). Constant and dominant species were : Chaetomium cuniculorum, Ch.
murorum, Coprinus spp., Iodophanus carneus, Pilaira anomala, Schizothecium tetrasporum, Sordaria humana, Sporormiella teretispora and Stilbella fimetaria. Under a taxonomic approach focused on the majority of meiosporic fungi (Ascomycota), the presence of new
records of fungi for Chile is emphasized: Fusariella hughesii, Neurospora caulospora, Pleuroascus nicholsonii, Rhytidospora bispora, Saccobolus
globuliferellus, among others. 


Palabras clave


Coprophilous microfungi; wild rabbit; hospital zone; Chile

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22370/bolmicol.2006.21.0.239

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Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Valparaíso. Chile. Hontaneda 2653 Valparaíso.

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