Naturalization of Ethics and Moral

Authors

  • Anna Estany Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22370/rhv2022iss19pp293-312

Keywords:

naturalization, ethics, morals, naturalism, moral psychology

Abstract

The approach to issues such as good and evil from philosophy leads us to specify what is understood by ethics and morals. Canonically, ethics is a branch of philosophy that studies and systematizes these concepts and aims to rationally define what constitutes a good or virtuous act, regardless of the culture in which it is framed. Morality is defined as the set of norms that govern the behavior of people who are part of a given society, thus contributing to the maintenance of stability and social structure. Based on these definitions, naturalization consists of seeking foundations in the empirical sciences to justify moral principles. The objective of this work is to see to what extent science can contribute knowledge that supports ethics and moral principles, a project based on the naturalization of philosophy, questioning any apriorism that ignores science. First, the naturalizing program and its main variants in philosophy will be examined. Second, two proposals from the philosophy of science that can be framed in naturalism will be analyzed, namely: Philip Kitcher and Patricia S. Churchland. Next, some of the main theses that provide scientific explanation of human behavior from the point of view of moral virtues will be addressed.

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Published

2022-05-30 — Updated on 2022-06-13

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How to Cite

Estany, A. (2022). Naturalization of Ethics and Moral. Revista De Humanidades De Valparaíso, (19), 293–312. https://doi.org/10.22370/rhv2022iss19pp293-312 (Original work published May 30, 2022)

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